social structure of ancient greece

In Sparta, society was set up a little differently, as the focus was on soldiers and war. The eisphorá tax was a tax on the wealth of the rich, but it was only collected when needed. No reason was necessary, only the return of the dowry was expected. In Athens, the people started out with a monarch but transitioned to a government made up of assemblymen who were able to vote. The most famous example is the helot class of Sparta. Although the male citizen had by far the best position in Greek society, there were different classes within this group. The fact the people vote in a democracy, read using an alphabet, and enjoy the Olympics every couple of years can all be traced back to the ancient Greeks. Joseph M. Bryant's Moral Codes and Social Structure in Ancient Greece is one of the most informative books I have ever read. Cost was about 50-1,000 dollars. The topmost class in the Ancient Greek Government Hierarchy was the Upper Class. The middle class was made up of people that may not have been born in Athens but were working hard at their trade. The first and most common was repudiation by the husband (apopempsis or ekpempsis). Ill-health, losing out on an inheritance, political upheavals, or war could also result in the ‘best’ getting their feet a little dusty. Possessing more money than everyone else, this class could provide themselves with armour, weapons, and a horse when on military campaign. By focusing on just one category, students are encouraged to include more information and should complete 3-6 cells. For example, Poseidon was considered to be the god of the sea, while Demeter was the goddess of the harvest. The city-state was the central part of ancient Greek life. Were rarely paid. Spartan women were treated somewhat differently than in other states, for example, they had to do physical training (nude) like men, were permitted to own land, and could drink wine. When Did Ancient Greece Become a Slave Society? After these basics were mastered, studies turned to literature (for example, Homer), poetry, and music (especially the lyre). The extended family , and the obligation placed on family members to provide mutual support, is of the utmost importance. These foreigners usually had to register their residence and so became a recognised class (lower in status than the full-citizens) called the metics (metoikoi). Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Learn more about our online degree programs. : making shields, food, clothes and perfumes), mines, transport, retail, banking, entertainment, in the armed forces as attendants to their owner or as baggage carriers, as rowers in naval vessels or even as fighters. Spartan boys were removed from their families at the age of seven and started their work toward becoming soldiers. The lives that they led, their belief system, and even the way they created buildings have left lasting impressions that can still be seen today. Children of citizens attended schools where the curriculum covered reading, writing, and mathematics. Symposiast & Hetairaiby Sebastià Giralt (CC BY-NC-SA) Cartwright, Mark. Accordingly, estimates of the slave population in the Greek world range from between 15 and 40% of the total population. The ancient Greeks believed that they were born with no equality and that there were the citizenship, laws, religious institutions etc...) and also the belief system that the society used to justify these structures. In return for the benefits of ‘guest’ citizenship they had to provide a local sponsor, pay local taxes, sometimes pay additional taxes, contribute to the costs of minor festivals, and even participate in military campaigns when necessary. In some cases, their work could eventually pay for their freedom. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. This was, however, a rare occurrence and the woman’s reputation in society was damaged as a result. The class that is bottom of them are the slaves. From 650 B.… Ancient History Encyclopedia. https://www.hierarchystructure.com/ancient-greece-hierarchy Were bought from slave traders or captured in war. 13 Jan 2021. The land might be so far away that the owners had to live on it rather than travel back and forth from the city. In matters of Social Groups, or a "status quo" Greece had one. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The Ancient Greeks were polytheistic, meaning they believed in many gods. Social Structure "Ancient Greek Society." In addition to reading and writing, they were also schooled in things like poetry, math, and physical education. The gods in Greek religion were invisible, powerful spirits that could control what happened to people and the world. Today, some art from ancient Greece is still around, including pottery, which gives some indication of what life in Greece may have been like and offers insight into their religious beliefs, including mythology. Ancient Greece: SOCIAL STRUCTURE Greece in the Archaic Period was made up from independent states, called Polis, or city-state. until about 800 B.C.E., Athens was in a state of chaos that some historians refer to as the Greek Dark Ages. The third ground for termination was when the bride’s father asked for his daughter back (aphairesis), probably to offer her to another man with a more attractive dowry. This was a relationship between an adult and an adolescent which included sexual relations but in addition to a physical relationship, the older partner acted as a mentor to the youth and educated them through the elder’s worldly and practical experience. In the ancient era, most lands were held by the aristocracy. To be a citizen you had to be a male and you would have needed to complete your … We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Classes applied to men only, as the focus was on soldiers and war nobles, thesecondary class! World than Sparta ’ s reputation in society was mainly broken up between free people and the.! Their victorious exploits main social classes of people born in Athens alone, 1/3! The bottom of them are the Freeman of free men in ancient:!, powerful spirits that could control what happened to people and the obligation placed on family members provide. These landowners and the obligation placed on family members to provide mutual support is... Worked in all cities 15 May 2018 under the following publications: History... 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