I also want to know how money it will cost me to plant one Hectare of farmand. Cotton is one of the most demanded cash crops in the world because of its uses in the production of fabric in the clothing industry. Agriculture is the backbone of Africa’s economy and accounts for the majority of livelihoods across the continent. The Organic & Fairtrade Cotton Coalition is active in various West African countries, including Mali, Senegal, Burkina Faso, and Benin. HOW can i contact you? Training programmes are provided for smallholder farmers such as on the use of modern, efficient growing methods that minimise the use of pesticides, helping them to increase their yields and the quality of the fibres. Small-holder cotton farmer training Lack of knowledge and expertise among small-holder cotton farmers are major constraints that impede growth in the emerging cotton farming sector. In that year, cotton production in India amounted to around 6.42 million metric tons. Growing Season: 2011-12 Countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda General Staple Lengths: Short, Medium & Long No. Good write up, I find it very useful, but how can I site the publication. Their strength and their unique structure make them ideal for spinning: the fibres are twisted like a corkscrew, so they do not tear during spinning. At the end of a complex chain of cause and effect, whole species may become extinct and ecosystems may even be destroyed. CmiA aims to improve the living conditions of smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa while protecting the environment and increasing transparency in the textile supply chain. Rain-fed cotton also grew in Humera, Bilate, and Arba Minch. Planting time depends on the region, climate (soil temperature) and particularly the rainfall in the area. In some Cotton made in Africa growing regions, the cotton is manually cleaned of impurities once again before it goes on to be ginned in the next stage of processing. Gossypium arboreum accounts for about 2% of cotton production. Cotton from Cotton made in Africa is produced by smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa in accordance with CmiA standard criteria. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The history of the domestication of cotton is very complex and is not known exactly. Notwithstanding, loamy soil is best for cotton farming. Thanks, Your email address will not be published. It is commonly known as upland cotton. ... PAN UK has more than two decades of experience supporting organic cotton farmers in Africa, but we are always looking for new ways … West Africa. The cotton plant loves warmth: it needs about 200 days of sunshine in the season to flourish and bear fruit. As many as a 100 million rural households – 90 percent of them in developing countries – are directly engaged in cotton production, relying on it for their income. The profitability of cotton … It has relatively long fibres, that fall into the medium staple length category (1 1/8 inch, about 28.5 mm) suitable for producing yarns that can be used for a range of applications, and which are processed worldwide to supply materials for fashion and home textiles. I like your idea. It is no coincidence that cotton is a popular material for T-shirts, trousers and shirts: cotton feels soft and pleasant on the skin, is breathable, and is absorbent. By 2000, West Africa was producing nearly 100 million tons each year —13 percent of the global supply.1 Cotton is the principal cash crop for half a million producers and provides income to another five million growers.2 Cotton production expansion throughout West Africa has had a marked, if not deleterious impact on traditional farming Large-scale agricultural cultivation of cotton threatens biodiversity in its environment as it is commonly characterised by monocultures, the heavy use of pesticides, and high-water consumption levels. It is planted from October to the end of November and harvested in May - June. Farmer Seidu Konatey predicts conventional cotton yields will keep declining. Another problem is the high level of water consumption: the heavy use of artificial irrigation often leads to soil erosion and salinisation. Cotton from Africa has relatively long fibres and is carefully picked by hand. Kenya: To Grow Kenya's Textile Industry, We Must Revive Cotton Farming - allAfrica.com Search In many parts of the world, cotton is grown in large plantations, but in Africa it is almost exclusively cultivated by smallholder farmers using crop rotation. It is a process where the mass of cotton is subjected to opening, cleaning, picking, carding, combing, drawing, roving, and spinning. For higher-quality yarn, card sliver is put through a combing machine, which straightens the staple further and removes unwanted short lengths, or noils. Cotton does not only just contribute to the economic output of any nation that grows it, but can also be beneficial to the health of the people, as the seeds produce healthy oil, which are great sources of Vitamin E and low in cholesterol. If this equilibrium is disturbed by external influences, it can often have unexpected consequences for people as well as for flora and fauna. Staple length varies between 18 and 42 millimetres. Cotton does not require very fertile farmland. Cotton bolls are used in producing cotton fiber used in textile production. My company can supply whatever quantity you want. There are four staple categories: short, medium, long and extra-long. I can Manage commercial Cotton project. To increase training capacity, training facilities were also established in all the small-holder farmer cotton production regions elsewhere in South Africa. The proportion of organic cotton on the global market is currently still low, which is partly due to its higher production costs. They opted to wage a political campaign, rather than a legal battle . In response, Cotton SA has established a formal training program for small-holder cotton farmers. Last April, the Inter-professional Cotton Association of Burkina (AICB), an industry body comprising farmers and other sector players, set a production target of 800,000 tonnes for the 2018-19 cotton season. The training program was successfully launched at the Lowveld College of Agriculture at Nelspruit in 2001. Water requirement is less than for crops like corn and soybeans and cotton could be planted in dry land. We have recently begun cotton farming operations in the Mato Grosso region. Last year was a record year for cotton production, resulting in a glut of cotton on the world market. Small business ideas, business plans, & tips for African entrepreneurs to start, run, & grow successful businesses. Many African cotton farmers view genetically modified cotton as a technical advance from which they do not want to be excluded. Cotton seeds when crushed and processed can also be used in the production of plastics. It has extra-long fibers which makes it extra soft and extra strong. Southern black cotton farmers faced discrimination from the north, and many white Democrats were concerned about how many of them were being employed in the US cotton industry and the dramatic growth of black landowners. If you need a professional and affordable business plan service, StartupTipsDaily’s MBA standard professional business plan writing service is perfect for your small business. Cotton production areas in South Africa are as follows: Limpopo Province in the Springbok Flats from Bela-Bela to Mokopane, North West Prov- ince covering the areas of Taung, Stella, Delareyville and Maratsane, KwaZulu-Natal in the Makhathini Flats, Mpumalanga and Northern Cape in the Lower Orange River, Vaalharts, Douglas and Prieska districts. Cotton farming is of marginal profitability for many small farmers. Before Nigeria’s focus on oil, cotton exports accounted for about 25% of country’s Gross domestic product (GDP), but after the oil adjustment, cotton exportation reduced drastically and presently accounts for around 5% of Nigeria’s Gross domestic product (GDP). That is the reality of cotton farmers in west Africa. Cotton production in Burkina Faso is continuing its downward slide three years after the nation phased out the use of pest-resistant genetically modified (GM) cotton. You Now Have The Best Chance Of Getting The Finance You Need With Our Bank And Investor Ready MBA Standard Business Plans & Feasibility Study Reports, How To Start The Lucrative Export Of Cotton Lint From Nigeria To International Buyers, How To Start A Lucrative Cocoa Farming Business In Nigeria: The Complete Guide, How To Start A Lucrative Rubber Farming Business In Nigeria: The Complete Guide, How To Start A Lucrative Barley Farming Business In Nigeria: The Complete Guide, How To Start A Lucrative Sesame Seeds Farming Business In Nigeria Or Africa: The Complete Guide, StartupTipsDaily’s MBA standard professional business plan writing service. This statistic shows the world's leading cotton producing countries in crop year 2019/2020. Smallholder farmers account for 85 percent of cotton farming activities in the nation. I want to start cotton farming business. A picker (picking machine) then wraps the fibers into a lap. Textiles certified by Cotton made in Africa are marked with a small label for easy identification by consumers. Cotton production in South Africa is supported and enhanced by the efforts of Cotton SA and the Department of Trade and Industry (the dti) who were instrumental in establishing the Sustainable Cotton Cluster (SCC) to revive the local cotton industry and support new cotton farmers. Cotton made in Africa has made a commitment not to allow the cultivation of genetically modified cotton under the initiative. Writing a bank and investor ready professional Cotton farming business plan can be challenging. A traditional and still common processing method is ring spinning. That reduces both leaching from the soil and the occurrence of pests. Sustainable cotton production is the solution to these issues. The groundwater is heavily contaminated, which might cause disease among humans and animals. Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll or protective case, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium, in the mallow family Malvaceae. Thank you very much. As a Agriculture Expert, I worked in Ethiopia(E.Africa) and Nigeria(W.Africa)in related to cotton farming. This is because cotton is a very tolerant crop and grows well on poor soils. With Nigeria being the sixth-largest cotton producing country in Africa and the 22nd globally, the vast opportunity to venture into cotton farming in Nigeria remains immense and lucrative for new and existing farmers or entrepreneurs in the country. Over time, the soil becomes depleted, crop yields become ever poorer, and pests spread. The cultivation methods imparted by Cotton Made in Africa also support smallholder farmers in growing food and thus make an important contribution to food security. Just ask Bafing Diarra, 47, who owns slightly less than 25 acres near the village of Korokoro in Mali in West Africa. Cotton is best planted by July in Benue bcos of our vegetation belt. All the cotton from GWK’s producers in South Africa is marketed collectively. Cotton yarn is spun from the seed fibres, which can grow to lengths of more than 40 millimetres. of Farmers: 25,584 No. Gossypium hirsutum accounts for about 90% of the cotton produced in the world. Global market volatility is also problematic, leaving many farmers saddled with debt when prices fall. The greatest diversity of wild cotton species is found in Mexico, followed by Australia and Africa. West Africa The Organic & Fairtrade Cotton Coalition is active in various West African countries, including Mali, Senegal, Burkina Faso, and Benin. Smallholder farmers practise rain-fed cultivation, in other words they rely on natural rainfall being sufficient to water the crops. Another benefit is that hand picking, unlike machine harvesting, does not use defoliants, so there is less chemical contamination of the cotton. For that reason alone, it does well in the dry or humid savannahs of Africa. See Also: How To Start A Lucrative Cocoa Farming Business In Nigeria: The Complete Guide. The goal of the project is also to establish a marketable crop rotation with crops such as sesame and shea but-ter. Cotton requires significantly more management input and specialist skills than most other field crops traditionally grown by small-holders. CmiA is active in many countries on the continent, from Benin…, Are you new to sustainable purchasing, or do you want to expand your work in managing sustainability? Which month and which crop can be intercroped with it. C otton blue disease is caused by the Cotton leaf-roll dwarf virus and transmitted by aphids. Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.The fiber is almost pure cellulose.Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will increase the dispersal of the seeds. CmiA promotes sustainable cotton farming in sub-Saharan Africa. Die Initiative erhebt den Anspruch, den Baumwollanbau ökologisch, sozial und ökonomisch nachhaltiger zu gestalten. The use of pesticides is thus a negative side effect of cotton cultivation worldwide. Some can earn less than two dollars a day from their cotton. Upland cotton has relatively short fibers. And, of course, the consequences of losing biodiversity mainly affect poorer rural sections of the population that are directly dependent on the fertility of the soil. No need to register, buy now! Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will increase the dispersal of the seeds. It is a seasonal business as the cashew nuts are only gathered during a season once a year. Thinner strands are produced by the roving (slubbing) process, in which the silver is converted to roving by being pulled and being slightly twisted. After pollination, the flower of the cotton shrub produces a fruit capsule (boll), about the size of a walnut. For sustainable cultivation to thrive, the business case must be clear for producers. Local biodiversity was degraded or lost and forests were cleared. In the drawing (drafting) stage, a series of variable-speed rollers attenuates and reduces the sliver to firm uniform strands of usable sizes. But cotton needs a lot of heat and long frost-free period. The cotton bale is opened, and its fibers are raked mechanically to remove foreign matter (e.g., soil and seeds). Lastly, I want to know where to get quality seeds of cotton for planting. Extensive cotton growing demonstrably causes great damage in some parts of the world. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Conventional cotton production currently accounts for 18 percent of worldwide pesticide use and producers of cotton are being poisoned by heavy pesticide use. Other measures for growing cotton sustainably are the efficient use of pesticides and fertilisers and the responsible use of water. Finally, the roving is transferred to a spinning frame, where it is further drawn, twisted on a ring spinner, and wound on a bobbin as yarn. Am the state chairman of cotton producers and merchants association of Nigeria (COPMAN) Benue state chapter. The aim is to establish organic cotton cultivation in the coun-try. In Cotton made in Africa we have found a partner that offers this commodity with social and ecological added value,” says Henning Strauss, grandson of the company’s founder and co-owner. Am interested in cotton farming. Eventually, the raw cotton is pressed into large bales and sold on to spinning mills for yarn manufacture, where it then starts its trip along the textile chain: from the spinning mill to the finished garment. I therefore wants to know the best time to start planting and the buyers of the cotton products at harvest. Photo : ©Jorgen Schytte . Cotton farmers in Burkina Faso: World prices are depressed. Consumption of cotton lint by local spinners (South Africa and Swaziland) for the 2000/01 marketing season is estimated at 400 000 bales (200 kg each), an increase of 6,6% compared to the 375 290 bales during the 1999/2000 season. i need cotton seed. The production of cotton in sub-Saharan Africa is characterized by subsistence agriculture and peasant in nature. Local business environment. Cotton farming is the complete process of cotton cultivation from the clearing of the farmland to the planting of seedlings and finally the harvesting of the cotton plant for both local consumption, commercial purposes, and exportation. How To Start Cotton Farming In Nigeria: Step By Step Guide 1). A diverse agriculture was replaced by a system of large plantations to grow sugar, cotton and tobacco for the European market, under a monoculture system which was usually harmful to the soils after repeated use and left the countries vulnerable to plant diseases sweeping through the entire crop. Tillery and his brand Black Cotton are now working assiduously to make cotton farming cool. Required fields are marked *. These aim to bring agriculture into harmony with nature and to contribute towards the long-term maintenance of biodiversity. When the fruit capsule fully matures, it bursts open and the “cotton fluff” spills out. 7 Benefits Of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) For Your Business, How This Former Nigerian Student Built A Million Dollar Mobile Gaming Business, How To Start A Lucrative Candy And Chocolate Production In Nigeria: The Complete Guide, How To Start A Lucrative Ketchup Production Business in Nigeria: The Complete Guide, How A Former Nigerian Public Servant Built a Successful Business Career, How To Start A Lucrative Biscuit Or Cookie Production Business: The Complete Guide, How To Start A Lucrative Ginger Oil Production Business in Nigeria: The Complete Guide, How the Son Of A Nigerian Industrialist Took His Father’s Company To Far Greater Heights, 20+ High Paying Affiliate Programs That Will Make You Money, How To Start A Profitable Affiliate Marketing Site That Makes At Least $500 A Month, How To Start A Cassava Farm In Nigeria: A Comprehensive Business Plan, How To Start A Lucrative Plastic Recycling Company In Nigeria (Comprehensive Guide + E-Book), How To Start A Blog — The Complete Beginner Guide, How To Start A Profitable Fish Farming Business In Nigeria, Cotton farming is a great source of employment, You can earn anywhere from 20% to sometimes over 100% profit margins, trading rubber locally and internationally. More than 90 percent of cotton cultivated in the main cotton-growing countries—the USA, India, and China—is now genetically modified. Cotton is often a complementary cash crop: it is cultivated for sale, alongside foods grown for subsistence. It needs sufficient heat and light to mature and should not be subject to frost prior to maturity. Currently, however, the only places in Sub-Saharan Africa where genetically modified cotton is grown by smallholder farmers are in South Africa, Sudan, and Burkina Faso. India. MALI. Many of the African export cultures are characterised by a high share of small-scale manual work (coffee, cocoa, cotton and cashew nuts), which is why it makes sense to leave that work in the hands of small farmers. Better Cotton Initiative (BCI), which sets out to improve the sustainability of mainstream cotton production. They produce enough for both fiber and cottonseed oil processing. The risks of cotton farming- South Africa. Download here . Your email address will not be published. Cotton grows in the dry areas, in Kenya, mainly in Nyanza, western, eastern and Coast regions. So production cannot happen all year round. In simple terms, as long as people keep wearing clothes, there would always be a high demand for cotton. Part of the global cotton industry sees genetically modified cotton, that protects itself against some pests with its own insecticide, as a solution to this problem. Also, it accounts for less than 2% of the global market. Between 2004 and 2008 Swele specialised in planting sunflowers but after attending cotton farming training courses she decided to make the switch. It's not easy farming cotton in Africa. Cotton South Africa's Programmes. Any one interested for going large scale profitable commercial cotton farming/ Cotton contract farming in Africa. The seed is introduced into the soil at a depth of between 25 - 40 mm. Cotton price received by U.S. farmers 1990-2018; Retail price index of cottonseed oil in India 2019; The most important statistics. About 8% of the cotton traded in the world market is harvested in Sub-Saharan Africa. Although it is not particularly worrisome for producers at this point, it has caught the attention of researchers, Extension personnel and others who work with farmers in parts of the Southeast. In Brazil, we are a leading cotton exporter and have developed long-standing relationships with large number of growers, providing them with innovative financial and risk-management solutions. You can now greatly increase your chances of geting the loan/investment you need with our bank and investor ready professional MBA standard business plan writing service. Because the cotton plant grow up to a meter tall, adequate space is required, and a row spacing of 38 to 40 inches should be adhered to. Pima is considered the best quality of cotton on earth. No other plant is as attractive to pests and viruses as cotton. Cotton remains one of the leading cash crops in the world. The country’s richest people used to be cotton farmers who owned cars, tractors, good houses, had their children in private schools and even bought cows with the money from cotton, he noted. While cotton production are all the procedures involved in conversion of raw cotton plants into processed cotton fabric. Cotton is usually harvested with the seed and gathered into bales. Do you mind having a business club that will include others interested in the business. Cotton has been grown for food, fiber, and fuel for over 6,000 years. Our in-depth online export course is specifically designed to help you build a successful export business from scratch IN 90 DAYS WITHOUT LOSING ANY MONEY FROM YOUR INVESTMENTS, GUARANTEED! Cotton thrives on a neutral soil PH of 5.5. Cotton is a summer crop and is planted in South Africa during October after the fields have been prepared to a fine tilth with adequate soil moisture or by increasing the soil water content by irrigation. Julius Tillery is the owner of Black Cotton and he is using his cotton farm and the by-products to change the stigma linked to the trade. This is because cotton is a very tolerant crop and grows well on poor soils. Artificial irrigation, often used in large plantations, is practically unknown in Africa. In its growth phases, cotton is highly sensitive to excess moisture: In the first phase of sprouting and growth, the cotton plant needs moist soil, whereas in the ripening phase too much moisture damages the quality of the fibres. CmiA aims to improve the living conditions of smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa while protecting the environment and increasing transparency in the textile supply chain. High domestic cotton prices and low polyester prices in China, the world’s largest consumer of cotton, have made its cotton spinning sector less competitive, according to the report. In addition to its use in clothing, societies in the developing world turn to this cotton, for medicinal purposes, including the treatment of nausea, headaches, fevers, haemorrhages, and diarrhoea. Intact habitats are also essential for the genetic diversity of an ecosystem. Dorward et al (1998) explain that Africa cotton is almost exclusively grown by smallholder farmers, and there are only very few large plantations. Cotton was 'king' in the plantation economy of the Deep South. Cotton is a natural fibre obtained from the seed hairs of the cotton plant (Gossypium spp.) Soil for cotton farming doesn’t have to be of excellent quality. Cotton farming was one of the major areas of racial tension in its history, where many whites expressed concerns about the mass employment of blacks in the industry and the … With our highly in-depth world-class MBA Standard professional bank and investor-ready business plan & feasibility study report writing service, you can finally have the best chance of getting the finance you need for your business to succeed! A diverse agriculture was replaced by a system of large plantations to grow sugar, cotton and tobacco for the European market, under a monoculture system which was usually harmful to the soils after repeated use and left the countries vulnerable to plant diseases sweeping through the entire crop. If you want to take advantage of the vast global demand for cotton in the fashion industry worldwide, here’s how to start cotton farming in Nigeria: See Also: How To Start The Lucrative Export Of Cotton Lint From Nigeria To International Buyers. As a result, some farmers have to use increasing amounts of pesticides and fertilisers in order to secure their crops. cotton farmers. Cotton seeds are planted on ridges because cotton grows into shrubs. Plastic waste has unfortunately spread, even to remote villages in Africa, and may lead to the presence of foreign material. African cotton flourishes under the right conditions with rain-fed cultivation and plenty of sunshine. Cotton seeds when crushed and processed can be used in the production of computer chipboards. Cotton farmers in west Africa are losing out on vital income because of subsidies paid to rival growers in the EU, US, China and India, Fairtrade Foundation says. •Cotton made in Africa(CmiA) 116 •Fairtrade Cotton 122 •Australian Best Management Practices (myBMP) 126 •Organic Cotton 130 •Committee on Sustainability Assessment (COSA) 134 •Field To Market: The Alliance for Sustainable Agriculture 138 •Response-inducing Sustainability Evaluation(RISE) 142 •Sustainability Assessment of Food and Agriculture Systems (SAFA) 146. Please I am planing to start cotton farming and export, but I want start with 10 hectares and what time is the best to plant? In fact, more than 35% of organic cotton producers in Africa are female. Specifically, this means that the cotton is grown under rain-fed conditions, cultivated using pesticides and fertilisers in an … Cream and pink colored flowers emerge briefly and give way to fruit at pollination. Cotton has a long history in eSwatini, serving as a source of livelihood to over 50,000 Emaswati. Proper pest control eliminates pest and limits losses. African cotton is mostly grown by smallholder farmers and is hand-picked, which ensures its good quality. They receive little support or training and yields are low. Cotton pests show increasing resistance to the pesticides used. A 4 inch spacing between each plant is necessary. According to Cotton SA’s Koot Louw, the eighth local estimate for the 2014/2015 production year indicated a total crop of 96 832 lint bales, up 101% from the previous season, but 4% less than the previous month’s crop estimate due to lower dryland yields. Find the perfect cotton farming africa stock photo. This makes it increasingly difficult for nature to cope with extreme climatic events such as long droughts. In the context of SA agriculture, the domestic cotton industry remains small. Levant cotton is primarily spun into yarns to make a variety of fabrics. 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