general characters of algae ppt

If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. (Sargassum, Codium), (3). Shilapushpa or Lichens are simplest form of plants consisting of a very intimate association of a fungus (the mycobiont) with a photosynthetic partner (the photobiont), usually either a green algae or cyanobacterium.The intimate association of these two microorganisms results in the formation of a macro … Algal Examples. Algae Classification. Algae: general characters and classification 52 slides, 61 likes gfxerwsdfvgftgh 1766714652f 0 slides Jeffrey Funk Algae Biofuels 45 slides, 75 likes saran96 Classification of algae … 32. General Characteristics of Bacteria. Algae are Eukaryotic, autotrophic and usually aquatic thallophytes. Cyanobacteria played a crucial role in the evolution of all photosynthetic plants and algae in existence today. They are usually green due to the presence of chlorophyll a, … Small, round-shaped or amoeboid parasites in vertebrate red blood cells. Unicellular algae occur most frequently in water, especially in plankton. Algae - Algae - Classification of algae: The classification of algae into taxonomic groups is based upon the same rules that are used for the classification of land plants, but the organization of groups of algae above the order level has changed substantially since 1960. The term thallus is used for a plant body that is not differentiated into root stem and leaves and lacks vascular system. Majority of marine Red algae are this type (Polysiphonia), Major Classes of Algae (algal systematics), (1). Overview of Algae and Algal Blooms: Who are these guys? Examples: Candida albicans, Aspergillus, Blastomyces, Coccidioides, Cryptococcus neoformans, Histoplasma, Pneumocystis jirovecii, etc. Aphanizomenon sp. some marine seaweeds that can exceed 50 m in … Presence of photosynthetic pigment – chlorophyll They usually lack the capability for … If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Lab 8: Introduction To The Algae 864723 PPT… Blue-Green Algae (Cyanobacteria) Sarah Rushforth, M.S. They are usually aquatic. Algae a ubiquitous and diverse group ranges from unicellular to giant multicellular forms. View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on Classification Of Algae PPT. In thalloid plants, there is no differentiation of plant body into true roots, stem and leaves. Green algae usually have a rigid cell wall made up of an inner layer of cellulose and outer layer of pectose. Certain intertidal species such as the ulva, or sea lettuce, can tolerate a range of temperatures and survive drying at low tide. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that … Diplontic: Just reverse of the haplontic type. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. They possess rigid cell wall. Title: Microsoft PowerPoint - 1_Rushforth EPA Cyanobacteria … Specific general characteristics of algae are common to plants as well as animals. This video describes about general features of plant group algae, which seaweeds, consist of most primitive, thalloid, photosynthetic eukaryotic organisms. Fungi lack chlorophyll and hence cannot perform photosynthesis. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF FUNGI. Mode of nutrition (autotrophs), Ø  Majority of algae are in aquatic habitat (fresh water or marine), some algae are terrestrial also, Ø  Algae are present in all parts of the world including Arctic and Antarctic regions (universal occurrence), Ø  Sex organs are unicellular or multicellular, Oogonium (female sex organ) of Oedogonium *, Ø  Sex organs lack jacket cells around them (naked sex organs), Ø  If jacket cells are present, they have different origin, Ø  There is a progressive complexity in the reproduction of different algal groups, Ø  Embryos is not formed after zygote formation, Ø  Show distinct alternation of generation, Ø  Cellular organization may be prokaryotic (blue green algae) or eukaryotic (all other algae), Ø  Found in a variety of habitats (Fresh water, marine, on rocks, with in plants or animals), Ø  On the basis of habitat, algae are classified into three groups, Chlamydomonas (Unicellular Flagellated Algae) #, Ø  Two types: Fresh water and marine forms, (a). Although they are often studied in zoology courses, they are considered part of the microbial world because they are unicellular and microscopic. In most groups of algae it appears that the plastid has been derived by at least two serial endosymbioses. General Characters of Algae Posted on : 19-11-2017 Posted by : Admin. General Characteristics of Algae. Algae can grow as single cells, long filaments, or huge aggregates, but there is no tissue differentiation in algal colonies. General Characteristics II. Algae are the chlorophyllus thallophytes that can manufacture them own food and they produce O 2 during photosynthesis. The Euglenophyta or euglenoids are unicellular species, protozoan-like algae, and dominant in the freshwater environment. In general algae can be referred to as plant-like organisms that are usually photosynthetic and aquatic, but do not have true roots, stems, leaves, vascular tissue and have simple reproductive structures. Many are downloadable. Ø  Alternation of generations (also known as alternation of phases) is a term primarily used to describe the life cycle of plants. Ø  Found in/on soil, rocks, moist wall, tree trunks etc. All algal cells have a definitive cell wall that is thin in some species, but in others, like diatoms, the cell wall is impregnated with silica, which makes it rigid and hard. Reproduction in fungi is both by sexual and asexual means. Ø  Algae are autotrophs (synthesize food using light energy), ⊕. PowerPoint is the world's most popular presentation software which can let you create professional Algae powerpoint presentation easily and in no time. About 17 results (0.35 milliseconds) Sponsored Links Displaying algae characteristic PowerPoint Presentations. Characteristics: Green colour from chlorophyll a and b in the same proportions as the 'higher' plants; beta-carotene (a yellow pigment); and various characteristic xanthophylls (yellowish or brownish pigments). Major stages in the life cycle are diploid, the haploid stages are represented only by gametes. GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF MAJOR DIVISIONS AND CLASSES PROKARYOTES CYANOPHYTA (BLUE-GREEN ALGAE) AND PROCHLOROPHYTA -All blue-green algae (Figure 2.1) and prochlorophytes (Figure 2.2) are non-motile Gram negative eubacteria. Stelar Evolution in Pteridophytes PPT by Easybiologyclass, Pigmentation in Algae PPT by Easybiologyclass, Bryophyta Characteristics PPT by Easybiologyclass, Biological and economic importance of algae, Pteridophytes: General Characteristics PPT by Easybiologyclass, No public clipboards found for this slide, Algae: General Characters by Easybiologyclass.com. Algae are eukaryotic organisms that have no roots, stems, or leaves but do have chlorophyll and other pigments for carrying out photosynthesis. An undifferentiated plant body is known as ‘thallus’. (green algae) ~ 16,000 species ~ 90% freshwater I. SHILAPUSHPA - LICHENS: GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS. View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on Classification Of Algae PPT. Algae is used as a key ingredient in various food products. For instance, algae can photosynthesize like plants, and they possess specialized structures and cell-organelles, like centrioles and flagella, found only in animals. Int Rev Cytol 237:91–154 The major groups of algae are therefore related to the type of protist host and the type of plastid, and these are described. View Structure Of Algae PPTs online, safely and virus-free! Branched filamentous (Cladophora, Pithophora), (5). Ø  In Eichler’s system of classification, algae are placed in the Division Thallophyta along with Fungi and Lichens. The oxygen in today’s atmosphere is almost entirely the result of photosynthetic living, which had its start with the appearance of blue-green algae among the microorganisms”, Algae is a group of chlorophyll containing thalloid plants which bear unicellular or multicellular sex organs and the sex organs are, On the basis of habitat, algae are classified into three groups, Polysiphonia: Thallus Structure, Reproduction, Post Fertilization Changes and Life Cycle, Life Cycle in Algae (Haplontic, Diplontic, Haplodiplontic, Haplobiontic and Haplo-diplobiontic Life Cycles). Ø  Example: Chlamydomonas is a single celled algae whereas Macrocystis pyrifera, a marine brown algae, is multicellular, parenchymatous and several meters long. (1). The organization of their thallus is either unicellular or multicellular. Algae are considered as indicators of en- vironmental conditions (bioindicators) in terms of individual species (Chapter 1) and as communities (Chapter 3). They are Thallophytes which have chlorophyll as their primary photosynthetic pigment and lack a sterile covering of cells around the reproductive cells. Occurrence of Chlorophyceae 3. Algae are photoautotrophs. 1.1.1 Algae… They are distributed worldwide in the sea, in freshwater and in wastewater. Conditions for survival include light, carbon, essential nutrients, water quality, temperature and tidal exposure. Blue-Green Algae Dolichospermum crassum Gloeotrichia sp. Asexual reproduction: By a variety of motile or non-motile spores. Chapman VJ (1962) The algae. Examples: Vampyrella, Pseudospora, etc. Classification of organisms into plants and animals was easily done and was easy to understand, but, a large number of organisms did not fall into either category. A single endosymbiosis appears to have occurred in the green algae, the red algae and the glaucocystophytes. Parasitic algae: grow as parasite on plants or animals (Example: Cephaleuros is a parasitic green algae grow on the leaves of many plants causing red rust diseases), Thermophytic algae: grow in hot springs. According to the Whittaker scheme, algae are classified in seven divisions, of which … Similar to pigmentation in algae, the distributional difference in reserved food is also in the classification of different algal groups. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}). While most chlorophyta are aquatic, Dr.Ayad M.J. Algae … A type of algae, known as carrageenan, is often added to dairy products such as cheese and sour cream … Chlorophyta inhabit freshwater, marine and terrestrial habitats. Algae Algae have been used in animal and human diets since very early times. Marine water forms: Occurs in saline condition such as seas and oceans (Most of the Red and Brown algae such as Polysiphonia and Sargassum). Based on type of the cell, algae can be grouped basically into two major assemblages prokaryotic and eukaryotic algae There are four distinct groups within the algae − Group 1 Prokaryotic algae include two divisions: Cyanobacteria and Prochlorophyta.. − Group 2 Eukaryotic algae with … Algae have been divided into groups based mainly on distinctive plastid accessory pigments. Eukaryotic Algae I. Example: Babesia. Classes in Detail 2 Hierarchical system of classification: Level: suffix: example: Domain Eukaryote Group Plantae Division -phyta Chlorophyta Class -phyceae Ulvophyceae Order -ales Ulvales Family -aceae Ulvaceae Genus Ulva species fenestrata II. Bacteria are prokaryotic organisms (Kingdom:Monera), without cell defined organelles like mitochondria,Golgi bodies,Endoplasmic reticulum.,etc; Microscopic,unicellular,they may occur singly or aggregations to form colonies. Dominic Gregorio Ocean Unit State Water Board S. Fork Yuba River Photo: D. Gregorio, SWRCB. Learn more: Lecture Note in Algae General Characteristics. As they are diverse in structure and habitat there is a lot of diversity in their reproduction and perennation strategies. Chlamydomonas; Pant body: known as Thallus and they are avascular; Habitat: Algae are usually aquatic, either freshwater or marine and some are terresterial. For instance, algae can photosynthesize like plants, and they possess specialized structures and cell-organelles, like centrioles and flagella, found only in animals. The unique feature of algae is the ability to perform photosynthesis. Listed below are some of the general characteristics of algae. some marine seaweeds that can exceed 50 m in … The contents of this documents are Dichotomous Key to Freshwater Algae, Groups of Cyanobacteria & Algae, Dinoflagellates, Euglenoids, Brown, Golden brown, and Yellow brown Algae and Glaucophytes. The one who study algae is called Phycologist. Switching back and forth is … Photosynthetic Pigments IV. Modern classifications delimit them with many other characters … English: Title: The algae of the Arctic Sea, a survey of the species, together with an exposition of the general characters and the development of the flora Identifier: cu31924000640817 (find matches) Year: 1883 Authors: Kjellman, F. R. (Frans Reinhold), 1846-1907 Subjects: Algae Publisher: Stockholm, Norstedt Contributing Library: Cornell University Library The algae are predominantly aquatic and are … Ecologically, algae are the most widespread of the … … About 14 results (0.39 milliseconds) Sponsored Links Displaying classification of algae PowerPoint Presentations. General characteristics. Fritsch (1935) … The animals of this phylum are soft-bodied, non-metameric, triploblastic coelomates and … World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. Cell wall is made up of peptidoglycan (Mureins) and Lipo … General Characteristics II. Haplobiontic: Three phases in life cycle. Class 3: Piroplasmea. Un-branched filamentous (Spirogyra, Oedogonium), (b). Presentation Summary : 20-3 Algae Lifecycle. What are Molds Molds are one type of micro organisms and they grow on food materials like … Algae. According to habitat, … 1 Citations; 3.9k Downloads; Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 26) Abstract. Yeasts are unicellular fungi that do not produce hyphae. Enter your e-mail address. These attachment organs include bothria (sucking grooves: Cestodes or tapeworms, which may also have a rostellum (crown of thorns with hooks); Old World Hookworms: cutting teeth; New World Hookworms: cutting plate. Morphology IV. Hence the two kingdom classification used for a long time was found inadequate. Most of euglenoids are autotrophic and photosynthetic. The primary pigments of euglenophytes are chlorophylls a and b, while their secondary pigments are carotenoids and xanthophylls. General Characteristics of algae, What is Phycology PPT? Lewis Thomas, 1984. algae, the manual summarizes the present status of algal biofertilizer technology for rice with practical information for its adoption by agricultural extension personnel and subject matter specialists. (Example: Heterohormogonium), Fluviatile algae: algae found in rapidly running water such as water falls (Example: Ulothrix occurs in mountains water falls, Ø  Wide range or thallus variation in algae, Ø  Thallus may be unicellular to multicellular and microscopic to macroscopic, Ø  Plant size range from few micron to several meters. Reproduction and Life History Patterns III. … By grazing on soil bacteria, they regulate bacterial populations and maintain them in a state of physiological youth—i.e., in the active growing phase. So, they are called as autotrophic thallophytes. Fungi are eukaryotic, spore bearing, achlorophyllous, heterotrophic organisms that generally reproduce sexually and asexually and whose filamentous, branched somatic structures are typically surrounded by cell walls containing chitin or cellulose or both with many organic … General Characteristics of Molds. Listed below are some of the general characteristics of algae. Filopodia and reticulopodia in some species. Algae are photosynthetic organisms; Algae can be either … • No life on land prior to release of oxygen into atmosphere by cyanobacteria. General Characteristics of Protozoa. Get ideas for your own presentations. Algae is a group of chlorophyll containing thalloid plants which bear unicellular or multicellular sex organs and the sex organs are NOT protected in the sterile jacket cells. About 14 results (0.39 milliseconds) Sponsored Links Displaying classification of algae PowerPoint Presentations. General aspects about parasite treatment and control • Importance of understanding parasite life cycles for effective treatment and control –Life cycle involves one or more species of vector –Life cycle involves one or more intermediate hosts –Parasite has a variety of definitive hosts –Parasite has life cycle stages that are exposed to the environment –Sequence and timing of … Euglenophyta: Motile, protozoan like algae lack true cell wall, (3). This enhances the rates at which bacteria decompose dead organic matter. Cyanobacteria and OXYGEN • Cyanobacteria release oxygen through photosynthesis • Only producers of oxygen over several hundreds million years in the biosphere. Protozoa are eukaryotic microorganisms. … Study of molluscan shell is called conchology. (2). Characteristics 4. The first group is the diatoms, which have a cell wall composed of silica. General Characteristics of Algae. Algae a ubiquitous and diverse group ranges from unicellular to giant multicellular forms. (3). Plant body may be unicellular, colonial, filamentous or multicellular. They occur both in marine and fresh … Blue-Green Algae: “Pond Scum” Images: Sarah Rushforth . General characteristics of algae, Classification of algae based on habitat, Thallus diversity in algae, Chloroplast shape variations in algae, Pigmentation in algae, Reproduction in algae, Life cycle in algae . unicellular and multicellular organisms and photosynthetic (green algae) and non-photosynthetic (fungi) organisms. Simple Plants: Chapters 20 And 21 20 1 Characteristics Of ... PPT . Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free presentations research about Classification Of Algae PPT . Classification 6. In addition, algae may occur in moist soil or on the surface of moist rocks and wood. General Characteristics of Phylum Mollusca Mollusca (Molluscus- soft bodies) Study of Mollusca is called Malacology. General Characteristics of Protozoa Although they are often studied in zoology courses, they are considered part of the microbial world because they are unicellular and microscopic. General chartacters of Algae. Algal … Presence of photosynthetic pigment – chlorophyll ⊕. Blue-Green Algae = Cyanobacteria Not an “A” at All Snowella species. Structure, Morphology, and Motility. Ø  It is also called as food reserve. The substance can either be used as an additive or can act as a thickener in many types of food products. What are the General Characters of Algae PPT? They reproduce by means of spores. There are a couple more common and well-known groups of algae. They also colonize artificial habitats, such as dams and reservoirs, fountains and pools, … Keshav Narayan Pai Msc I Department of Botany 2. Parenchymatous forms (Sargassum, Laminaria), Ø  Algae also shows great diversity in pigmentation, Ø  Different groups of algae have different pigment composition, Ø  Distribution pattern of pigments has great taxonomic significance in algae, Ø  The classification of algae by Fritsch is primarily based of the pigmentation in algae. Different algal groups have different types of reserved food materials. Ø Thalloid plant body. Thallus Organisation 5. Following are the important characteristics of fungi: Fungi are eukaryotic, non-vascular, non-motile and heterotrophic organisms. Unicellular forms (Example: Chlamydomonas, Chlorella), (a). Algae live with fungi in lichens.. Early chapters present general information on the characteristics of nitrogen-fixing blue-green algae, their identification, ecology and agronomic role as background material. Title: Algae: Author: shaun02 Last modified by: McVic Created Date: 7/21/2009 4:20:26 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company: UBC Other titles – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 6e0885-ZGM1Y Some are unicellular eg. Fungi are eukaryotic organisms. As algae possess chlorophyll, they are photosynthetic in nature. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Dr. Poonam Jaiswal, Lecturer Botany, JDB Govt. Algae can be multicellular or unicellular. Similarities of some morphological structures are seen among various classes of algae. Share yours for free! Algae exist in a variety of shapes and forms—single-celled algae may be spherical, rod-shaped, or spindle-shaped, while multicellular algae may appear as colonies, filaments or tubes. The unicellular types which are seen in all groups of algae except the brown algae are considered to be the basic type from which, through evolution, … Because of these pigments, many groups of algae have been known by their color: hence red, green, brown, etc. It is the stored form of food in the cells for energy. ⊕. Specific general characteristics of algae are common to plants as well as animals. Largely marine and freshwater parasites of algae and higher plants. Examples are Chlamydomonas, Spirogyra, and Chara; Phaeophyceae – Also called as brown algae, they are predominantly marine. General characters of algae. Algae: General Characters PPT (General Characteristics of Algae PPT) What are algae? “The life of the planet began the long, slow process of modulating and regulating the physical conditions of the planet. Helminths share numerous characteristics that contribute to their parasitic quality including the presence of attachment organs. Unique Features of Algae (Source: Britannica) Algae can be microscopic or even as large as 60 meters in length. Ø In Eichler’s system of classification, algae are placed in the Division Thallophyta along with Fungi and Lichens. This helps you give your presentation on Algae in a conference, a school lecture, a business proposal, in a webinar and business and professional representations.. Algae are eukaryotic thallophytes. They may be unicellular or filamentous. Algae have simple, unicellular non-jacketed sex organs and have no embryo development. Phytoplankton is the population of free‐floating microorganisms composed primarily of … Structural and cellular organizations are important characters in the classification of algae and in establishing the inter-relationship among them. Algae: The … Ø  On the basis of thallus organization algae are following five types:-, (1). Include diploid (2n) and haploid (n) generations. Storage form of food: Starch Chloroplast types V. Major Polysaccharide Reserves VI. The term Mollusca was first applied by Aristotle to cuttle fish. Zygote undergo meiosis to produce spores (Chlamydomonas, Ulothrix), (2). Characteristics of Fungi. Subphylum II: Sporozoa. Green algae are thought to have the progenitors of the higher green plants but there is currently some … Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. -Circular DNA, no … Locomotory … Protozoan - Protozoan - Ecological and industrial importance of protozoans: Protozoans play important roles in the fertility of soils. Food reserves are starch, some fats or oils like higher plants. Haplontic: simple type, major stages in the life cycle are haploid, the diploid stage is represented by only the zygote. The study of algae is known as phycology … There is three main Algae classification: Chlorophyceae – These are called green algae, due to the presence of pigments chlorophyll a and b. Early morphological research using electron microscopes demonstrated differences in features, such as the … Ø  Most algae have an alternation of many celled haploid gametophytic generation with many celled diploid sporophytic generation, which alternate regularly. Characteristics of Algae. Distinguishing Classes III. Symbiotic algae: Symbiotic (mutual) association with fungi in lichen, in Bryophytes (Anthoceros), in Pteridophytes (Azolla), gymnosperms (corolloid roots of Cycas) and in angiosperms. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Important Characteristic Features of Algae PPT, Thallus Diversity in Algae PPT, Lecture Notes in phycology PPT, Botany Lecture Notes, What is Phycology? Habit and Habitat They may be free floating , free swimming or attached to the bottom in the shallow water. They are chlorophyllous thus autotrophic, … GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF ALGAE. Introduction. Early morphological research using electron microscopes demonstrated differences in features, such as the … Ø  Algae shows great diversity in plastid shape, Plstids may be: Reticulate: Oedogonium, Hydrodictyon, Cladophora, Ø  They are proteinacious bodies present in chromatophores, Ø  Considered as the organelle of synthesis and storage of starch, Ø  In some Chlorophyceae pyrenoids are surrounded by starch grains, Ø  Pyrenoids arise de-novo or by the division of preexisting pyrenoids. In general algae can be referred to as plant-like organisms that are usually photosynthetic and aquatic, but do not have true roots, stems, leaves, vascular tissue and have simple reproductive structures. The oxygen in today’s atmosphere is almost entirely the result of photosynthetic living, which had its start with the appearance of blue-green algae among the microorganisms” characteristics across species. General characteristics of algae 1. water environments and gives a general overview of the major groups of these organisms (Chapter 1), methods of collection and enumeration (Chapter 2) and keys to algal groups and major genera (Chap-ter 4). Ø  Example: Vaucheria and Fritschiella found on the surface of soil, Halophytic algae: algae present in highly saline water (Example: Dunaliella), Epiphytic algae: algae grown on the surface of other plants/algae (Example Oedogonium), Epizoic algae: algae grown on animals such as snails and fishes (Example: Cladophora grows on the shells of snails), Endozoic algae:  algae growing inside the animals (Example: Zoochlorella grow inside Hydra). However, not all algae have flagella, and they can also be … Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. They are chlorophyllous thus autotrophic, with simple thallus and lacks tissue differentiation. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free presentations research about Algae Characteristic PPT. Introduction to Chlorophyceae (Green Algae) 2. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about:- 1. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Algae are the simplest multicellular plants. Posted Date: 06 Apr 2010 | Updated: 06-Apr-2010 | Category: Education | Author: Madhusmita | Member Level: Gold | Points: 20 | Molds are very common organisms that grow on food materials to spoil the foods and can be easily be identified. Algal cells are primarily eukaryotic cells with membrane-bound photosynthetic (chloroplast), respiratory (mitochondria) and genetic organelles. They are found in different habitats from fresh to marine waters to extreme conditions. They have chloroplasts. (Spirogyra), (b). They can exist singly or in colonies like the Volvox or may be unicellular like Chlamydomonas or may even have a filamentous structure like Spirogyra and Ulothrix. Lab 8: Introduction To The Algae 864723 PPT. Protozoa are notable for their ability to move independently, a characteristic found in the majority of species. General Characteristics of Algae. Vegetative reproduction: Cell division, fission, fragmentation, Hormogonia, formation of adventitious branches, tubers, buddings etc.

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