Islamabad is a net contributor to the Pakistani economy, as whilst having only 0.8% of the country's population, it contributes 1% to the country's GDP.  As home to GHQ of Pakistan Army & Benazir Bhutto International Airport, and with connections to the M-1 and M-2 motorways, Rawalpindi is a major logistics and transportation centre for northern Pakistan. Rawalpindi (/ˌrɑːwəlˈpɪndi/ or /rɔːlˈpɪndi/; Punjabi: راولپنڈى, Urdu: راولپنڈى, romanized: Rāwalpiṇḍī; pronounced [/ˌrɑːwəlˈpɪndi/] (listen)), commonly known as Pindi (Punjabi: پݨڈى, romanized: Piṇḍi), is a city and capital of Rawalpindi Division located in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Islamabad has grown by 172,599 since 2015, which represents a 3.37% annual change. However, the building was confiscated for election and political campaigning during the last days of Field Marshal Ayub Khan's reign, and rare manuscripts and artifacts were taken away by the influential.  77.1% of Rawalpindi's students in Class 5 are able to read sentences in English. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 220,892,340. The city's Kohaati Bazaar is site of large Shia mourning-processions for Ashura. There are a large number of Cable TV service providers in the city such as Nayatel, PTCL, SA Cable Network and DWN. Rawalpindi Public Park is on Murree Road near Shamsabad.  The city was also connected to railways that offered connection to India and the northwest frontier in Peshawar in the 1880s. POPULATION BY SEX, SEX RATIO, AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD SIZE AND GROWTH RATE. Largest Cities in Pakistan # Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Statistics House, 21-Mauve Area, G-9/1, Islamabad, Pakistan E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org@pbs.gov.pk The Grand Trunk Road also provides access to the Afghan border via the Khyber Pass, with onwards connections to Kabul and Central Asia via the Salang Pass. The new valuation rate of residential & commercial plots of Rawalpindi is extensively described below. By National Institute of Population Studies (NIPS) [Pakistan], and ICF., Minnesota Population Center Submitted on: 01 May, 2020 Microdata Library, providing data on people living in developing countries, their institutions, their environment, their communities and the operation of their economies. In summer, the record maximum temperature has soared to 48.4 °C (119 °F) recorded in June 1954, while it has dropped to a minimum of −3.9 °C (25 °F) several occasions, though the last of which was in January 1967. This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 06:33. We cover each and every news of Rawalpindi city to provide the full coverage of Rawalpindi’s events and incidents. The 2019 population density in Pakistan is 281 people per Km 2 (728 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 770,880 Km2 (297,638 sq.  It was built in the Kabarri Bazaar in 1897. Country Population Rank. The Metrobus network was opened on 4 June 2015, and connects the Pak Secretariat in Islamabad to Saddar in Rawalpindi. Since the year 1947, when the country became a sovereign state, the population of Pakistan has increased significantly, particularly because more and more people felt comfortable moving their families and businesses to the area. , The first mention of Rawalpindi's earliest settlement dates from when Mahmud of Ghazni destroyed Rawalpindi and the town was restored by Gakhar chief Kai Gohar in the early 11th century. There are no coronavirus cases reported in our system for Rawalpindi , Pakistan, as of Tuesday, 5th of January 2021. Latest Population Welfare Department vacancies in Rawalpindi city from all todays newspapers can be seen here online. Beyond the cantonment are the large suburban housing developments that serve as bedroom communities for Islamabad's commuter population.. Last collected in the year 2011, the population, at that point, stood at a reported 176,745,364. The city's Babu Mohallah neighbourhood was once home to a community of Jewish traders that had fled Mashhad, Persia in the 1830s. The ship was converted into an armed vessel, and was sunk in October 1939.  The city's administration was handed to Sardar Milkha Singh, who then invited traders from the neighbouring commercial centers of Jhelum and Shahpur to settle in the territory in 1766. Following Rawalpindi's capture by the British East India company, 53rd Regiment of the company army took quarters in the newly captured city. Population NaN; 1.  In March 2003, Pakistani authorities captured Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, mastermind of the 11 September attacks in New York City. Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road.  The Commissariat Steam Flour Mills were the first such mills in Punjab, and supplied most of the needs of British cantonments throughout Punjab. access to clean drinking water and improved sanitation, UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision). Balochi, Brahvi, Balti, Hunzai, Kohistani, Khowar, Shina, Sindhi and Punjabi speakers are found. For a population of over 220 million, this is a growth of about 5.28 million people per year. Gulraiz Housing Society, Korang Town, Agochs Town, Ghori Town, Pakistan Town, Judicial Town, Bahria Town which is the Asia's largest private colony, Kashmir Housing Society, Danial Town, Al-Haram City, Education City, Gul Afshan Colony, Allama Iqbal Colony. If it did not make any effort to slow down its population increase, then there would actually be 49.13 million MORE people in the country than the current reports. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. Pahariwood Network (Regional language channel). Major intersections in the neighbourhood are each referred to as a chowk. [original research?]  Sir Alexander Cunningham identified ruins on the site of the Rawalpindi Cantonment as the ancient city of Ganjipur (or Gajnipur), the capital of the Bhatti tribe in the ages preceding the Christian era. 2022 2,327,000 In 2008 Jinnah Park was inaugurated at the heart of Rawalpindi and has since become a hotspot of activity for the city.  Sikh rule over Rawalpindi was consolidated by defeat of the Afghans at Haidaran in July 1813. According to current population projections, Pakistan will reach its peak population in 2092 of 404.68 million people.  The neighbourhoods of Waris Shah Mohallah and Pir Harra Mohallah form the core of Muslim settlement in Rawalpindi's old city. Rawalpindi is the fourth largest city of Pakistan by population, and Rawalpindi-Islamabad as a metropolitan area is the third largest in the country. About 50 percent of Pakistani citizens live in a place where at least 5,000 other citizens reside as well. ISLAMABAD/RAWALPINDI - Following the confirmation of two Coronavirus cases in Pakistan, the health authorities yesterday started taking more drastic measures at hospitals as well as all entry and exit points in order to control further spread of the virus in the country.  Rawalpindi became for a time the refuge of Shah Shuja, the exiled king of Afghanistan, and of his brother Shah Zaman in the early 19th century. Pakistan’s population is expected to surpass that of Indonesia in 2048 when it will reach 331.29 million. As a result of these efforts, it is a lot poorer than what is was a long time ago. Television channels based in Rawalpindi include: In mid-2012 3D cinema, The Arena, started its operations in Bahria Town Phase-4 in Rawalpindi.. Independence. This statistic shows the total population of Pakistan from 2015 to 2020 with forecasts up to 2025. Rawalpindi New Property Valuation Rates. In 1958, Field Marshal Ayub Khan launched his coup d'etat from Rawalpindi. The total population of the Division increased from 2,520,508 in 1881 to 2,750,713 in 1891, and to 2,799,360 in 1901.  The weather is highly variable due to the proximity of the city to the foothills of Himalayas. It offers non-stop flights throughout Pakistan, as well as to the Middle East, Europe, North America, Central Asia, East Asia, and Southeast Asia. In addition, there are around 450 mosques in the city. It is predicted that in about 35 years, if this growth continues, the population of Pakistan will eventually become double of what it was back in 2001.  Modern Rawalpindi is socially and economically intertwined with Islamabad, and the greater metropolitan area. From the mid 1980’s until the year 2000, the growth of the population slowed down to about 2.6 percent per year; and from 2000 to 2012, to about 2 percent per year.  A large market was opened in central Rawalpindi in 1883 by Sardar Sujan Singh, while the British further developed a shopping district for the city's elite known as Saddar with an archway built to commemorate Brigadier General Massey. The Hazara Motorway is also under construction as part of CPEC, and will provide control-access motorway travel all the way to Mansehra via the M-1 or Grand Trunk Road. Finally becoming a sovereign state (and eventually recognized as an official mark on the map of the world) on August 14, 1947, this country is known for having deep roots in the Islamic religion. Rawalpindi is a big Metropolitan City. Social structures in Rawalpindi's historic core centre around neighbourhoods, each known as a Mohallah. • Total: 3,198,911 • Density: 12,000/km 2 (32,000/sq mi): Time zone: UTC+5 • Summer ()UTC+6 (): Area code(s) 051: Website: www.rawalpindi.gov.pk As of 2003, the country became one of the most urbanized cities in all of South Asia, mainly because city dwellers made up about 36 percent of its entire population at that point.  Construction of the Attock Fort in 1581 after Akbar led a campaign against his brother Mirza Muhammad Hakim, further securing Rawalpindi's environs. Compared to the other countries in the region, the growth rate of Pakistan is about 2.1 percent higher. There are approximately .6 beds per 1,000 individuals residing in Pakistan as well. The current population of Pakistan is 222,827,460, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. In the region north-west of Rawalpindi, traces have been found of at least 55 stupas, 28 Buddhist monasteries, 9 temples, and various artifacts in the Kharoshthi script. Rawalpindi features a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cwa) with hot and wet summers, a cooler and drier winter. 2020 : 2,237,000 +6.6%: Source: Religion. The motorway also links Rawalpindi to major cities in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, such as Charsadda and Mardan.  There are different ethnic group who are migrated from different part of countries. Rawalpindi city is the district capital..  In 1959, the city became the interim capital of the country under Ayub Khan, who had sought the creation of a new planned capital of Islamabad in the vicinity of Rawalpindi. 2021 2,281,000. POPULATION BY PROVINCE / REGION SINCE 1951. Many government officials, civil servants, and members of the military speak English in their daily conversations and their meetings. Pakistan’s prison population increased in the early months of the pandemic, according to a report on the country’s prisons.  Rawalpindi later became the site of the Liaquat Ali Khan's assassination, in what is now known as Liaquat Bagh Park. Rawalpindi Division is an administrative division of Punjab Province, Pakistan. Population of Rawalpindi In 2019 2020, the population of the city of Rawalpindi, Pakistan is - 1 853 175 people. By National Institute of Population Studies (NIPS) [Pakistan], and ICF., Minnesota Population Center Submitted on: 01 May, 2020 Microdata Library, providing data on people living in developing countries, their institutions, their environment, their communities and the operation of their economies. Mohan Temple in the Lunda Bazaar remains standing, but is abandoned and the building no longer used for any purpose. The remaining seven countries over 1 million listed in order of their respective sizes are Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Peshawar, Multan, Hyderabad, Islamabad, and Quetta.  Despite the fact that the vast majority of the city's Hindus fled en masse to India after Partition, most Hindu temples in the old city remain standing, although in disrepair and often abandoned. Retrieved 6 December 2015. The building was donated for a public library by the then-Deputy Commissioner Major Davis on the initiative of philanthropist Khurshid Anwar Jilani, an attorney, writer and social worker. The access to clean drinking water and improved sanitation services are also important factors to consider in terms of quality of life. "Government of Paper: The Materiality of Bureaucracy in Urban Pakistan", University of California Press. The demographics of Rawalpindi District, a district of Punjab in Pakistan, has undergone significant changes over the years.It has been affected by turmoil in the surrounding districts. With present population influx, the periphery of city is expanding at unimaginable speed.  The military dictatorship of General Zia ul Haq hanged Pakistan's deposed Prime Minister, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, in Rawalpindi in 1979. In 2020, the total population of Pakistan amounted … In 2020, the total population of Pakistan amounted …  Other temples are abandoned or were repurposed. Construction of Pakistan's new capital city of Islamabad in 1961 led to greater investment in Rawalpindi. , Rawalpindi is situated near the Ayub National Park formerly known as 'Topi Rakh' (keep the hat on) is by the old Presidency, between the Murree Brewery Co. and Grand Trunk Road. This statistic shows the total population of Pakistan from 2015 to 2020 with forecasts up to 2025.  The region, on account of its large Muslim majority, was thus awarded to Pakistan. The stations is served by the Awam Express, Hazara Express, Islamabad Express, Jaffar Express, Khyber Mail trains, and serves as the terminus for the Margalla Express, Mehr Express, Rawal Express, Pakistan Express, Subak Raftar Express, Green Line Express, Sir Syed Express, Subak Kharam Express, and Tezgam trains. On 27 December 2007, Rawalpindi was the site of the assassination of former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.. There are 127,450,413 adults in Pakistan. The airport is located in Fateh Jang, Attock. In addition, the median age is only 23.8 years of age. The Islamabad Expressway connects Rawalpindi's eastern portions with the Rawal Lake and heart of Islamabad. Detail Population of District Rawalpindi Census 2017 , Rawalpindi District is home to 2,463 government public schools, out of which 1706 are primary schools, 306 middle schools, 334 are high schools, while 117 are higher education colleges. miles). Find out what statistics the population of the country, city, district on All-populations.com. Each neighbourhood is served by a nearby bazaar and mosque, which in turn serve as a place where people can gather for trade and manufacturing. But on the other end, they would also be a lot richer as a country. The vast lawns also provide an adequate picnic spot. British colonialists also built the Saddar Bazaar south of the historic core, which served as a retail center geared towards Europeans in the city. In other words, Pakistan, had it not slowed down its population increase, would actually be 52 percent richer than it is right now. The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim Leagueand Pakistan Movement. , Rawalpindi flourished as a commercial centre, though the city remained largely devoid of an industrial base during the British era. List of educational institutions in Rawalpindi, Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Rawalpindi, Pir Mehr Ali Shah, Arid Agriculture University, College of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering, https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/603895-rawalpindi-has-4th-dc-in-a-short-span-of-time, "PROVISIONAL SUMMARY RESULTS OF 6TH POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS-2017", "Rawalpindi | Meaning of Rawalpindi by Lexico", http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files//tables/POPULATION%20SIZE%20AND%20GROWTH%20OF%20MAJOR%20CITIES.pdf, "Rawalpindi: History behind a bustling city", "History of Islamabad & Rawalpindi – Lonely Planet Travel Information", "Rawalpindi-Islamabad metro bus project not waterproof", "New Islamabad Airport: 'Faulty' airport design stirs Senate debate – The Express Tribune", "The havelis of Potohar: Pakistan's opportunity to promote heritage tourism", "The temples of Rawalpindi: Old wisdom in a new world", "Takshashila – World's Oldest University", "Imperial Gazetter of India, Volume 21, page 272 – Imperial Gazetteer of India – Digital South Asia Library", "Rawalpindi Historic Urban Landscape Project", "UK tested poison gas on Indian soldiers", "No Morning English Daily Carried the News of Bhutto's Hanging", "5 killed, 16 hurt in Rawalpindi bus stop blast", "Ojhri disaster saw end of Junejo govt: Report", "Pakistan Refuses To Release 1988 Blast Reports To – Pakistani Military & Strategic Discussion Forum – Pakistani Defence Forum", "U.S. Officials Link Pakistan Blast to Kabul Regime", "Climate: Rawalpindi – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table", "Weather History for Islamabad, Pakistan | Weather Underground", "For the Sikhs in KP, Rawalpindi is their new home", "Krishna Temple- the only worship place for twin cities' Hindus", "A 200-year-old temple in Rawalpindi is a school for special children", "Pindi's architectural heritage – II: The sacred banyan tree and the neglected Hindu temples", "Pakistan to get Chinese funds for upgrading rail links, building pipeline", "Karachi-Peshawar railway line being upgraded under CPEC", "About Bahria Town Rawalpindi – Bahria Town – Your Lifestyle Destination", "Eid festivity: Picnics, sightseeing and a lot of swings for the young ones – The Express Tribune", "Digital fountain installed at Jinnah Park | Provinces", "Two tiger cubs draw crowds to Rawalpindi park – The Express Tribune", "Nawaz Sharif, Shahbaz Sharif parks renamed", "Annual Status of Education Report – 2015", "Pakistan's first gold class 3D cinema: 'The Arena' opened at Bahria Town", "Amusement park in Pindi returns with a revamped look", City District Government Rawalpindi, Official Website, archived at 13 March 2008, Rawalpindi (Pakistan) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rawalpindi&oldid=999843820, Populated places established in the 1490s, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, All articles that may contain original research, Articles that may contain original research from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles lacking reliable references from May 2020, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Rawalpindi Public Park (previously Nawaz Sharif Park, renamed Iqbal Park in 2019. The city is still home to a few hundred Hindu families.  Situated along an invasion route, the settlement did not prosper and remained deserted until 1493, when Jhanda Khan re-established the ruined town, and named it Rawal. The most popular language in Pakistan is Punjabi, a language in which 88 percent of the population speaks. ; Pakistan 2020 population is estimated at 220,892,340 people at mid year according to UN data. Rawalpindi city is the capital of the division.  27% of children in Rawalpindi attend paid private schools..  In 1901, Rawalpindi was made the winter headquarters of the Northern Command and of the Rawalpindi military division. , In 1980, tens of thousands of Shia protestors led by Mufti Jaffar Hussain marched on Rawalpindi to protest a provision of Zia ul Haqs Islamization programme. Rawalpindi is situated along the historic Grand Trunk Road that connects Peshawar to Islamabad and Lahore. , In the years following independence, Rawalpindi saw an influx of Muhajir, Pashtun and Kashmiri settlers. Rawalpindi District (Punjabi and Urdu: ضِلع راولپِنڈى ), is a district located in the northernmost part of the Punjab province of Pakistan.Parts of the district form part of the Islamabad Rawalpindi metropolitan area. The life expectancies of males and females are generally the same in Pakistan. An abandoned Hindu Temple at Bagh Sardaran. If the country is looking to improve health among its citizens and continue to grow their life expectancy rate, then the number of available doctors and nurses needs to continue to grow. On 14 March 1849, Sardar Chattar Singh and Raja Sher Singh of the Sikh Empire surrendered to General Gilbert near Rawalpindi, ceding the city to the British. However, westerly disturbances also bring quite significant rainfall in the winter. The country of Pakistan has a history that dates back to almost 2,500 years B.C. , At the dawn of Pakistan's independence in 1947 following the success of the Pakistan Movement, Rawalpindi was a 43.79% Muslim, while Rawalpindi District as a whole was 80% Muslim. In such thunder/wind storms, which results in some damage of infrastructure. Latest Population Welfare Department vacancies in Rawalpindi city from all todays newspapers can be seen here online. The largest ethnic group in Pakistan consists of those of Punjabi ethnicity, while Pashtuns and Sindhis are the second and third largest ethnic groups in the country, respectively.  In 1891, the city's population excluding the Cantonment was 34,153. In 1841, Diwan Kishan Kaur was appointed Sardar of Rawalpindi.. There are 84% of population are Punjabi and 9% consist of Pashto people and 7% others. Total population of Rawalpindi according to the census of 2017 is over 2.1 million. The road is roughly paralleled by the M-1 Motorway between Peshawar and Rawalpindi, while the M-2 Motorway provides an alternate route to Lahore via the Salt Range. Average annual growth rate is 2.52 from 1998 to 2017. , Rawalpindi declined in importance as Mughal power declined, until the town was captured in the mid 1760s from Muqarrab Khan by the Sikhs under Sardar Gujjar Singh and his son Sahib Singh. , Rawalpindi's cantonment became a major center of military power of the Raj after an arsenal was established in 1883.  Rawalpindi's cantonment served as a feeder to other cantonments throughout the region. When it comes to sanitation access, only 63.5% of the population has this available, while 36.5% still struggle. The total demand of water supply for Rawalpindi and Islamabad cities is 172.8 Million Gallon per Day (MGD) whereas receiving 85.9 MGD i.e. A new motorway network is under construction to connect Multan and Karachi as part of the China Pakistan Economic Corridor. The city's "Shamshan Ghat" serves as the city's cremation grounds, and was partly renovated in 2012.. In 1765, the ruling Gakhars were defeated as the city came under Sikh rule, and eventually became a major city within the Sikh Empire based in Lahore. Nigeria: 213,986,428 Pakistan’s prison population increased in the early months of the pandemic, according to a report on the country’s prisons.  The city still has a small Sikh population, but has been bolstered by the arrival of Sikhs fleeing political instability in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa..  The area's first Partition riots erupted the next day on 6 March 1947, when the city's Muslims, angered by the actions of Hindus and Sikhs and encouraged by the Pir of Golra Sharif, raided nearby villages after they were unable to do so in the city on account of Rawalpindi's heavily armed Sikhs. Between 1998 and 2017, Pakistan’s average population growth rate was 2.40%. In 2019, after the Army Heritage Foundation took over Ayub park from Chaklala Cantonment Board, a new amusement park called JoyLand was opened on the site of a previously failed project. City is located on the famous mountain range of pothohar. According to census 2017 total population of District Rawalpindi is 5405633 . There is a special mixed ethnic group between the Punjabi ethnicity and the Sindhi ethnicity, and this group makes up about 10 percent of the entire Pakistani population. ; Pakistan population is equivalent to 2.83% of the total world population.  Jews first arrived in Rawalpindi's Babu Mohallah neighbourhood from Mashhad, Persia in 1839, in order to flee from anti-Jewish laws instituted by the Qajar dynasty. less than 50% of its total water demand. Most Pakistani people come from the ancestral group known as the Indo-Iranians.  The Baba Dyal Singh Gurdwara in Rawalpindi was where the reformist Nirankari movement of Sikhism originated. , HMS Rawalpindi was launched as an ocean liner in 1925 by Harland and Wolff, the same company which built RMS Titanic. The population of Rawalpindi is 4,700,000 in 2017.  The decision to man a permanent military cantonment in the city was made in 1851 by the Marquess of Dalhousie.  Many of the old city's neighbourhoods continue to bear Hindu and Sikh names, such as Krishanpura, Arya Mohallah, Akaal Garh, Mohanpura, Amarpura, Kartarpura, Bagh Sardaraan, Angatpura. Having been the largest British Cantonment in the region at the dawn of Pakistan's independence, Rawalpindi was chosen as headquarters for the Pakistani Army, despite the fact that Karachi had been selected as the first capital.. The Rawalpindi Public Library was one of the earliest private public libraries organized after separation from India. 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