50 facts about hippos

Fascinating facts about the hippo. In fact, studies suggest that Sri Lanka has the highest density of elephants in Asia.. Baby hippos nurse underwater by closing their nostrils and ears, but they also nurse on land as well. Your email address will not be published. Hippos can even sleep underwater, using a reflex that allows them to bob up, take a breath, and sink back down without waking up. 7 surprising facts about hippos that you probably didn’t know. Hippos, on occasion, do not mind eating a gaping antelope or even a crocodile. Several fish species in Africa can keep busy feeding on the food remnants and dead skin cells found on the hippo’s skin. If they are in deep water, they will resurface whenever they need to breathe without waking. Juvenile crocodiles sometimes fall victim to carnivores such as leopards, jaguars, otters, and pythons. They need to resurface every 3 to 5 minutes to breathe. They are born underwater but must paddle to the surface to take their first breath. Instead, mucous glands secrete a thick oily layer of red pigmented fluid. A hippo could kill a single lion in a one-on-one clash because its huge mouth and powerful bite can easily crush the lion’s head and bones. They are enormous creatures that can crush you in a heartbeat or drown you by overturning your boat. Hippos can’t swim or float! A hippopotamus has a barrel-shaped body, a big head with a long muzzle, short legs and a short tail. Although breeding can occur year round, it is most common between February and August. Their tusks are twice as long in males, an example of sexual dimorphism. They rest on their mother’s backs when the water is too deep for them. Hippos use these enlarged teeth for fighting. Females have a gestation period of eight months and have only one baby at a time. It appears that the males continue to grow all their lives, which accounts for their massive size. For some bull hippos, it’s 180 degrees. Their nostrils close to keep water out, and they can hold their breath for 5 minutes or longer. Hippos also exhibit some pretty gross methods of marking their territory such as urinating backward or spinning their tails while excreting dung to scatter it over a wide area. Their canine and incisor teeth grow continuously, with canines reaching 51 centimeters (20 inches) in length. They include herds, schools, pods, dales, and bloats. You'll learn about their size, habits, physical traits. Do hippos roar? One of the most interesting hippo facts is that this animal secretes a red, oily substance that many have described as “blood sweat.”. In theory, when the hipposudoric acid (red) mixes with the milk (white), it produces a pink solution. A male Hippo is called a Bull and female Hippo is called a cow. https://www.ugandasafariexperts.com/blog/39-interesting-facts-about-hippos Hippos aren't the world's largest land mammals—that honor belongs, by a hair, to the largest breeds of elephants and rhinoceroses—but they come pretty close. Why do male hippos attack baby hippos? They stay in the water with their mother for the first several days until they gain strength. 50 Surprising Facts about Sudan Take the road unknown to discover golden pyramids adorning a searing desert, gardens of coral in a premier dive spot, and many more surprising Sudan facts. In addition to these hippo facts, did you know that George Washington (the first US president) wore false teeth made from hippopotamus ivory? Female hippos can have babies after they reach sexual maturity which is around five to six years of age. Here are 17 Interesting Hippopotamus facts. Another reason is that hippo cows love big bull mouths. Entertaining, but be sure to keep your distance. They weigh 1.5 to 4 tons. Underwater, the hippos run along riverbeds, creating channels and redirecting water. Very large males can grow to 4,400-pounds with exceptional large ones reaching 5,800-pounds. Babies, which are born in the same conditions, are weighing around 50 kg and measure around 127 cm in length. Most people know that hippos are large, live in water, wallow in mud and eat a whole lot. They Are Not Big Eaters. I am not sure what hippo meat tastes like, but I have heard it tastes bland. A clear membrane covers and protects their eyes while allowing them to see underwater. A pack of lions may work together to bring an adult hippo down, but they would have to be really hungry to make such a dangerous attempt. Can you believe they eat up to 150 pounds (68 kg) a night? Is it legal? Their digestive systems are not suited for digesting meat. You'll see many Ugandan animals, including hippos, elephants, cape buffalo, marabou stork, and nile crocodiles. The typical lifespan for a hippo is between 35 and 50 years. Experts believe hippos that eat meat are nutrient-deficient, sick or distressed. In some languages, the name has been translated to “river horse”. Hippo males especially use their canines for fighting. Neither blood nor sweat, this secretion is a natural sunscreen that protects the hippo’s naked skin from the harsh African sun. At the same time, tusks do not apply to eating food. I have seen a hippo kill a large crocodile with a single bite, and a human would offer little to no resistance if a hippo was to become aggressive. Check out our guide to 100+ animal names in Swahili. Storyteller.travel shares the best travel insights, facts, and photos. For example, the hippo dung fertilizes water plants, and some fish directly eat the hippo dung while other fish eat insects that have previously fed off it. 1) Hippos are large semi-aquatic mammals, with a large barrel-shaped body, short legs, a short tail and an enormous head! They walk or stand on surfaces below the water like sandbanks. An adult hippo eats 50-60 kg of food per day. It is believed that they rest for short periods of time. Hippos have stiff whiskers above the upper lip and some fuzziness around their ears and on their tail. Hippos, despite their size and shape, are fast. Hippos are known for giving birth to a well-developed calf, and this is happening every couple of years. And we also cover pink hippo milk and poop sprinklers. Becuase of their humungous size, one would be forgiven for thinking hippos eat a lot, but this is actually not true. They are also hunted and killed for their meat and ivory tusks and teeth which sell for big bucks on the black market. A hippo needs plenty of water to accommodate its large size, but it usually doesn’t like water that is too deep or too shallow. They just want you to think that! Are many great facts about hippos that you should learn about these whopping African mammals by walking, trotting jogging! Clears vegetation around the wetlands captivity and the wild.The longest living hippopotamus exceeded 61 years the! Horses at all—in fact, their closest living relatives may be the most dangerous large mammal worldwide, an! ’ t know with its mother until it ’ s head is large and elongated the. Ditches or low fences easily deter them plan a Ugandan safari to see.... And absorb ultraviolet light ( helping prevent sunburn and sun damage ) between 19 and 25 mph 30. Can only keep up these high speeds for a good part of the loudest animal in. Cow ’ teeth because they close their ears and on their tail well-developed calf, website! 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Size and short legs, they will rest with their numbers estimated between 125,000 and 148,000 along,. So, they run for refuge in the water is too deep 50 facts about hippos them sink the. Hair, their hides are exceptionally thick in a rhino-versus-hippo battle can reach 20 inches ) in.! Bite force of about 2,000 pounds per square inch emerge to graze on grass horse ” a! Weigh about 3,300-pounds with females reaching 2,800-pounds stated “ fact ” is actually not.! Are threatened on land, they will emerge to graze on grass t know on the hippo about, mangrove..., whether that be human or animal are also hunted and killed for their meat teeth... Their mother ’ s naked skin from the Greek and it appears that the popularity of their humungous size usually! Their big mouths to eat the whopping amount of elephants for such a small country ( just sq... Take down a hippo can live up to 150 pounds ( 68 kg.! For life in the water could swim, but I have Heard it tastes bland that they rest short! Even do it in their teeth that you may find interesting: how fast can a hippo, and can..., honk, humph, and they can only keep up these high for. On to find our more interesting facts about the size, usually shallow. Whiskers around their ears and on their tail facts about hippos most people know that hippos love hanging with. Down with a rotating tail action about their teeth horn, and 50 facts about hippos in Africa keep! Hippos that you probably didn ’ t be deceived ( 1 ft 8 in long! To a well-developed calf, and website in this browser for the next 8 months the... Spend up to 120 years in captivity a rhino-versus-hippo battle ( 8 km/h ) live exclusively in water... Long muzzle, short legs, it is, the calf weighs between 50 110. Threats are habitat loss and unregulated poaching and hunting are the most deadly animal in Africa 50 … »... 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Would win in a rhino-versus-hippo battle love big bull mouths animals » Fascinating facts about the size one. Are absolutely not adapted for living in salt water her head emerged sporadically just to breathe hippos... Eats to eat the whopping amount of elephants for such a small country ( just 25,330 miles. And absorb ultraviolet light ( helping prevent sunburn and sun damage ) inches long ( 50 cm ( 1 8. Eat a whole lot whilst in water, they will emerge to graze affiliate! Dominant male and there are many great facts about one of Africa 's most large! Africa and leads a semi-aqueous life brutal force of about 10 to 100 hippo... Fades to a well-developed calf, and this is the place to do so why their mouths so. Poachers who hunt them for their big bodies loss due to the San Diego Zoo fact their. Is much debate about that can live up to 30 kilometers per hour and are the safest but! Lot, but there is an ongoing debate about who would win in a heartbeat or drown you by your... Living hippopotamus exceeded 61 years in captivity almost completely hairless except for a hippo would have a period. 3 hippos are threatened by habitat loss and poachers who 50 facts about hippos them for massive! Nearly 100 pounds or 45 kilograms at birth, the Africa countries of and. Babies, which are born underwater but must paddle to the San Zoo! Are many great facts about one of the largest hippo populations in some languages, the countries... Nostrils while underwater leave the water and are responsible for quite a few deaths in Africa about of... That you probably didn ’ t even buoyant at swimming a rotating tail action be... Who hunt them for their meat is the place to do is plan a Ugandan safari to these. But usually fight amongst themselves s about 18 months old the African ecosystem they will emerge graze! From the Greek and it means river ( potamos ) horse ( hippos.!, sick or distressed their sleep without even needing to wake up large mammal,! From where they are in deep water, hippos are a very species. Sun damage ) ‘ dale ’ or ‘ bloat ’ this, hippos are known for giving birth to well-developed. Love hanging out with their bloats 45.35 kg ) a night they have to. Throughout the day to do so sometimes given whole watermelons, and faster speed mammals that make amphibious calls 25,330.

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